Probably top,I have never had hands on wood one, The plate I have for wood is flat which means it had to be placed on top. The Pierce steel,was raised lettered on top,plus sported a cooper plate also on top stating gallons.I have reciepts where they were delivered 1897-1900,both wood and metal,quess that was a transition period. And the war years the need for steel might play a role in dating your barrel. All reciepts I have found was for kerosene,used for heating oil.
But what I tell you is based on what I have found for one company,other companies might have beat to a different drum. Kerosene barrels was used on lower levels,if it was a up stairs furnace it was huffed up stairs in 5&10 gallon bulk cans.
Edited by Loyd Pierce (Wed Feb 29 2012 02:12 PM)
*Wanted Pierce Pennant Petroleum*