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  OIL COMPANY OF THE MONTH: KENDALL (Page 1)

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Author Topic:   OIL COMPANY OF THE MONTH: KENDALL
THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 08:43 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
The establishment of Kendall involved three early oilmen, William Willis, E.R. Loomis and R.H. Childs, when they launched a small shoestring refinery.
The facility is Located in Bradford and Foster townships in McKean County, Pennsylvania. Their entire operation including land and plant, was valued at less than $2,000. They named it Kendall since it's 4.35 acre site was located along Kendall creek. Years before, local boosters named the section after Amos Kendall who was the nation's postmaster general, hoping he would look with favor
on their request that a village post office be authorized. The flattery paid off, the post office was established.
The original owners of Kendall Refining weren't very successful. On Lincoln's birthday in 1883, less than two years after the company started, it was taken over by creditors who shortly sold it to B.G. Hinkley, one of the refinery employees. Theodore Barnsdall, a wealthy Bradford oil man, purchased theassets from Hinkley a year later. With added capital and better management, things got better, but not by much. By 1885, the small refinery, one of several in the area, still had just five employees. Product prices were low, In 1887, Kendall charged only $8.25 for two barrels, or 84 gallons of refined oil!
Over the next 20 years, growth was steady but slow for Kendall. Money remained tight, with kerosene, as the basic product. Alert for new markets, the company began supplying light lubricant oils for sewing machines. Paraffin, a by-product of lubricant manufacturing, was also added for sealing tops of fruit jars used in home canning and a new heavy lubricating oil was introduced "Kendall's Axle Grease -- The Horse's Friend."
By 1905, Over 108,000 horseless carriages rolled along U.S. roads, Henry Ford was still three years away from introducing his revolutionary Model T...By the end of that year Kendall was refining
more than 150 barrels of oil every day.
In 1906, the Kendall Refinery burned to the ground, but out of the ashes a new refinery rebuilt in brick, concrete and steel emerged.
Other information obtained clearly states that from 1950 to 1966 the site was operated as an oil refinery under Kendall Oil Company. Prior to 1950, the site was owned by the city of Bradford, which also operated an oil refinery on the premises.
The city of Bradford purchased the site in the early 1900's from the Emery Oil Company. Emery built the facility in 1881.
In March 1966, Witco Chemical Corp. headquartered in New York City, acquired the East Bradford complex. The name changed to Kendall-Amalie Division of Witco Chemical Corpration. American Refining Group purchased Witco chemicals Kendall-Amalie Divison and theKendall name becomes part of Bradford History.
I have also seen a Kendall re-branding and promotions through the ConocoPhillips Corporation. Information
on this detail could not be retrieved as it may have been a recent (NOV 2003) trade or sale of corporate bigness!
here are some refining numbers by year:
---1881: 10 Barrels Per Day (BPD)
---1906: 140 BPD
---1931: 2,250 BPD
---1955: 3,800 BPD
---1971: 5,500 BPD
---1986: 10,000 BPD (to present day)
Milestones:
1928 - First Pennsylvania refiner to offer highly refined motor oils good for 2,000 miles.
1933 - First to Introduce the quart can nationally for motor oils.
1943 - First Pennsylvania refiner to produce heavy duty motor oils.
1953 - First refiner to market an SAE10W-30 motor oil.
1960 - First to introduce motorcycle racing oil.
1961 - First to introduce sports car racing oil. Pioneered the marketing of specially formulated lubricants in the rapidly growing auto racing industry.
1961 - First petroleum refiner to introduce all-petroleum base automotive underbody coatings.
Although pretty much a regional refinery,
The Kendall Oil Company released many
products and (now) collectable advertising. Maps, Signs, cans and even gas pump globes were evident in times past. I have only a small handfull of images to post with this Kendall history
for Oil Company of the month. I hope others will chime in and post the rarer cans, signs, maps and other goodies you may have to show. Ask for help with posting or please send your images to
my email found under the letter symbol
at the top of this post.

----DOC of the American Garage West-----

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Lastgas15
Active Member

Posts: 4572
From: illinois
Registered: Mar 2002

posted 01-01-2004 08:54 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Lastgas15   Click Here to Email Lastgas15     Edit/Delete Message
Great job Doc.

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THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 09:14 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
THE REFINERY IN BRADFORD, PA. & A KENDALL BRANDED STATION SHOWING GLOBES:


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THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 09:19 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
VARIOUS SIGNAGE FOR THE KENDALL 2,000 MILE OIL...WHICH IS WHAT I THINK THOSE TWO FINGERS ARE MEANING! "DOC"



[This message has been edited by THE AMERICAN GARAGE (edited 01-01-2004).]

[This message has been edited by THE AMERICAN GARAGE (edited 01-01-2004).]

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Lastgas15
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Posts: 4572
From: illinois
Registered: Mar 2002

posted 01-01-2004 09:26 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Lastgas15   Click Here to Email Lastgas15     Edit/Delete Message
Here's a Kendall Deluxe globe that belongs to my brother-in-law. This style globe was used from '46-'70.

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THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 09:28 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
"UH-OH! WHERE THE HECK ARE WE? CHECK THE GLOVE BOX...I'M SURE I PUT SOME TRUSTY KENDAL MAPS IN THERE" -DOC---

THIS BABY JUST SOLD ON EBAY FOR $108.00!!



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THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 09:35 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
AND FINALLY A FEW EBAY (YEAH EBAY!)
DOWNLOADS OF CANS. I HAVE SOME MYSELF BUT PRETTY MUCH THE SAME AS WHAT I'M GONNA POST...HERE GOES..........

(ONE I "CAN" USE IN MY COLLECTION...NUDGE-NUDGE, WINK-WINK).


[This message has been edited by THE AMERICAN GARAGE (edited 01-01-2004).]

[This message has been edited by THE AMERICAN GARAGE (edited 01-01-2004).]

[This message has been edited by THE AMERICAN GARAGE (edited 01-01-2004).]

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THE AMERICAN GARAGE
Active Member

Posts: 5342
From: LONG ISLAND, NEW YORK
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 09:45 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for THE AMERICAN GARAGE   Click Here to Email THE AMERICAN GARAGE     Edit/Delete Message
I'LL TRY THIS OUTBOARD CAN AGAIN....THIS SYSTEM IS FINICKY TONIGHT...HERE GOES.

BY THE WAY, BOB "VERY NICE GLOBE"
UP THE WAY & BEYOND. "DOC"

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Dwaine Buck
Active Member

Posts: 726
From: Big Valley, CA
Registered: Jun 2004

posted 01-01-2004 10:20 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Dwaine Buck   Click Here to Email Dwaine Buck     Edit/Delete Message
Very nice Larry. I'm Proud of you. Nice little report nothing long but informing. great job.
Members , if you are a Kendall collector and you would like to share your collection with us, please send images to . myself, 41150,Lastgas15,quartcans,Hubba,American Garage, lets see what you have on this company. Next Month will be Imperial oil so get your images ready now . thanks for shareing.

[This message has been edited by Dwaine Buck (edited 01-02-2004).]

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huskybob
Active Member

Posts: 542
From: Near Tracy Rock
Registered: Nov 2001

posted 01-02-2004 02:37 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for huskybob   Click Here to Email huskybob     Edit/Delete Message
Thanks for taking the time and trouble Doc.... it was very informative, very much appreciated and very well done.
bob

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Flyingaman
Active Member

Posts: 332
From: Renton,WA. USA
Registered: May 2003

posted 01-02-2004 01:44 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Flyingaman   Click Here to Email Flyingaman     Edit/Delete Message
Doc
Great job. You did your homework. Thanks for taking the time and effort.
Craig

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pogogas
unregistered
posted 01-02-2004 02:53 PM           Edit/Delete Message
Here is a Kendall item you don't see very ofter. This globe came from a Stained Glass Shop in San Fransisco, it belonged to the owners Father who was an antique dealer in New York in the 60's. It is a very cool piece........

------------------
Lance
pogogas@telus.net
www.pogogas.com

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djhubba
Moderator

Posts: 3905
From: Seattle WA
Registered: Jan 2003

posted 01-03-2004 09:33 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for djhubba   Click Here to Email djhubba     Edit/Delete Message
Nice job Doc...This cool pump enamel can isnt mine...i snagged the pic off Ebay but thought it deserved to be posted. Kendall gas pump paint...neat.

------------------
Hubba the GAS GEEK , OIL FREAK of Shoreline WA

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Dick Bennett
Active Member

Posts: 6015
From: Santa Paula, Calif
Registered: Oct 2000

posted 01-04-2004 02:44 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Dick Bennett   Click Here to Email Dick Bennett     Edit/Delete Message
I've never seen a 1qt or sign like this 5qt. Did they make one ?

Notice the cartoonish graphics around bottom.
I have 2 other 5qt cans [in storage]. One has the GeeBee plane and the 2nd has the Cessna type plane.
Dick

[This message has been edited by Dick Bennett (edited 01-04-2004).]

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djhubba
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Posts: 3905
From: Seattle WA
Registered: Jan 2003

posted 01-04-2004 02:53 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for djhubba   Click Here to Email djhubba     Edit/Delete Message
Hi Dick..I havent seen those "cartoony" graphics before either..I have a couple of dif quarts with different graphics similar but not as cartoony. .nice addition.

------------------
Hubba the GAS GEEK , OIL FREAK of Shoreline WA

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